Imperial Army of Iran

1972, on the occasion of the founding day of the Imperial Army, December 6 was called Army Day. [1]

On the occasion of the 18th of January, which coincides with the founding day of the army at the hands of our crown prince, the late His Eminence Reza Shah Shah Kabir, by issuing this decree, we send our endless greetings to the pure soul of that devoted soldier, and remind him that The survival of any nation depends on the level of their interest and devotion to the progress and greatness of their country, and we consider it necessary to base our special intentions and interests on the strength of the army and other law enforcement forces that guarantee the survival of the country, to all officers. Inform the non-commissioned officers and members of the armed forces of the country.
The Iranian army has been successful in its evolution in relation to the current developments in the world with the sacrifice of your officers, non-commissioned officers and individuals, and has become acquainted with the techniques and secrets of war today and has achieved satisfaction.
Our wish is that with the approval of God Almighty and the efforts of the armed forces, more success will be achieved in the way of the greatness and exaltation of the dear homeland.

Foundation of the Imperial Army of Iran – When Reza Khan Mirpanj became Minister of War, he took control of three military forces in Iran: A. The Cossack Brigade 7856, of which 302 Iranian officers, 66 non-commissioned officers and 37 Russian officers, B. 8400 gendarmes, of which 190 Iranian officers and 22 Swedish officers – Southern Riflemen [2] with 5400 soldiers, 19 Iranian officers, 256 sergeants and part-time officers and 147 British officers. Reza Khan dismantled the Minister of War of the Southern Riflemen. The gendarmes’ paramilitaries united with the Cossack brigade and expelled all the foreign officers. On the 16th of January 1300, [3]Reza Khan Mirpanj, commander of the Sepah, commander-in-chief of forces and minister of war, with his many efforts around the clock, was able to increase the number of Iranian troops to 30,000 and give the “general order” of the number one army he had killed. The general decree depended on other decisions, such as the conscription law, the creation of a tax system to provide military funding, the military school system for training soldiers and officers, the health care system for the military, the construction of the country, and the establishment of a wireless communication system. The administrative system of the army, the establishment of a weapons factory for the army, the establishment of an academy to extract foreign words from the Persian language, and so on. With the establishment of the new army, the first step was taken to build a new Iran. The prerequisites that must have existed for a victorious army in Iran did not exist in Iranian society for the Iranian people. Thus, this ruling was not only the ruling to establish a new army, but also the foundations of the New Iran Foundation. Since the victoryThe Constitutional Revolution brought more than thirty-three cabinets to office with thirty-three war ministers, all of whom failed to organize an army for Iran, but Reza Khan Sardar Sepah, commander-in-chief and minister of war, turned this unattainable dream for Iranians into reality. Construction.

General Rule Number One
I order the implementation of the following materials and they must be implemented immediately in a timely manner:
1. In pursuit of his former ideas and opinions, from this date the word “gendarme” and “Kazakh” will be absolutely abolished and abandoned, and for the members of the government against Iran, without exception, to choose and approve the title of army, I order the title to Recognize the brand of writings and correspondence of the military circles as above.
2- Since the organization of the elements of the whole army [army headquarters] is of paramount importance, I allow Prince Amanullah Mirza Sartip [General Amanullah Jahanbani], the commander of the artillery, who has fully expressed his competence in performing the duties of the reference, immediately. The elements of war are the whole army of competent elements that can be decided and introduce to me.
3- The main elements of the whole army will be Prince Amanullah Mirza and its deputy will be Colonel Habibullah Khan Sheibani.
4- Considering that the outlines of the army should be studied and consulted in the presence of the officials, I order the powerful commander to recognize the following officials under his leadership and to perform the duties related to this matter collectively. .
Army Council Board: Medhat Al-Mamalik Sardar, Haj Mirza Mohammad Khan, Deputy Commander, Prince Nasser Al-Dawlah, Mohammad Khan Amirpanjeh, Colonel Hassan Al-Dawlah, Prince Mohammad Hussein Mirza, Colonel Alikhan, Colonel Azizullah Khan, Colonel Salar Nezam, Lieutenant Colonel Mirza Alikhan Riyazi
5- I order the conversion of the following names and words according to this unanimous ruling to all military circles and they should be pronounced and applied immediately:
Common name: Army
Soldier Name: Military
Instead of Division: Division
Instead of brigade: brigade
Instead of Regime: Regiment
Instead of battalions: battalion
Instead of battery: firearm
Instead of squadrons: Bahadorans
Instead of metallurgy: machine gun
6- At this time, when it is ordered to maintain the concentration of the army, in order to maintain the definite internal order, we divide the regions of Iran into five regions and allocate a division for each region, whose centers are Tehran, Tabriz, Mashhad, Isfahan and It will be Hamedan, and since I have ordered separate elements of the war for each of the centers, the branches in the districts must express all their content to the elements of the war in their area and take up the task. The set of elements of the component armies will also refer to the elements of the whole army.
7- The elements of the war of the whole army should immediately enter the formation of the elements of the war of the military centers and report the result of their actions to me. [4]
8- The meaning of the above orders will be implemented immediately from today.
The organization of the next pillar of my army will be as follows:
A- The Adjutant Circle of the whole army, which will be headed by Lieutenant Colonel Ali Khan Riyazi.
B- The second unit of the military operation, which is headed by Colonel Mohammad Hossein Mirza.
C- The third department of directorate, the head of which is the elected commander.
D- The fourth correct circle of the army, which will be headed by Sardar Amir Alam.
E- The Fifth Battalion of the Army, headed by Lieutenant Colonel Mushir Alam.
The heads of the above departments will form their branches immediately in accordance with the separate orders given.
Colonel Azizullah Khan was appointed as the director general of the army schools and immediately organized all the military schools in the Masoudiyah mansion [5] and will report his views on the new organization of the school.
Tehran – Marjeh Jedi 1300 – Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Army – Reza
At this time, the Minister of War, Reza Khan, first changed the words of the foreign language to Persian words, and the commanders of the five divisions were immediately elected. 1- Minister of War Commander of Tehran Division 2- Major General Ismail Amirfazli Commander of Northwest Division (Tabriz) 3- Major General Khazaei Commander of East Division (Mashhad) 4- Major General Mahmoud Ayram Commander of South Division (Isfahan) 5- Major General Amira Ahmadi Commander of Arab Division (Hamadan)

The First Iranian Army Organization
Ministry of War

Supreme Council of the Army
Command staff
Schools of the system
Formation of divisions
Police Department

Cabinet and Council of the Army : The Cabinet of the Special Minister and the Supreme Council of the Army under the supreme chairmanship of the Minister of War (Sardar Sepah) and the deputy of one of the members who are elected by lot.

Command unit : In general, the army administration was with this department because it was this part that was determined and organized for the order and organization and maintenance of five divisions and an independent army brigade, which had four departments: General c) Qorkhaneh office d) Wireless telegraph office

A- The pillars of war, which was headed by Brigadier General Amanullah Mirza and had a cabinet and eight circles:
1- The general settings circle includes three branches: 1- Registry branch 2- Trials branch 3- Recruitment branch
2- The whole scope of operations includes three branches: 1- Concentration branch 2- Mapping branch 3- Aviation branch
3- Total directorate includes eight branches: 1- Procurement branch 2- Computing branch 3- Audit branch 4- Telephone branch 5- Printing or printing branch 6- Dyeing and dyeing branch (Sabbaghi) 7- Sabbaghi ​​branch 8- Leather making branch 8- – Branch of weapons and ammunition tanks
4- Total health circle
5- Printing circle includes three branches: 1- Magazine branch 2- Translation agency branch 3- Library branch
6- Circle of emptiness
7- Music circle
8- The vehicle circle of the whole army includes seven branches: 1- Technical branch 2- Work source branch 3- Building branch 4- Nalaband branch 5- Ilkhi branch 6- Electric light branch 7- Nomad escort branch
B- The second part was the Command Office of the General Finance Office, which was headed by Colonel Alaei and was divided into two parts:
1- Central Tax Office includes six branches: 1- Secretariat Branch 2- Audit Audit Branch 3- General Accounting Branch 4- Remittance Issuance 5- Debt Audit Commission Branch 6- General Audit Office Branch
2- The general treasury includes three branches: 1- Bookkeeping 2- Document recording 3- Delivery
C- The third part of the Qorkhaneh Command Office was headed by Lt. Col. Ismail Khan Shafaei. From the very beginning, with the successive visits and efforts of Reza Khan Sardar Sepah, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and Minister of War Qorkhaneh under the supervision of Reza Khan, Minister of War, finally a new and modern Qorkhaneh was built by German experts with all departments and organizations of warfare in Europe:
1- Large machine factory for reconstruction (repair) of cannons and other weapons
2- Gun factory to make guns and machine guns and rebuild them
3- Bullet factory for making army bullets and machine guns
4- Gunpowder factory for mixing new low-smoke and chemical gunpowder
5- Foundry, iron smelting and steel factory to make cannonballs such as granad, charbonel and hand grenades
6- Chariot factory including car reconstruction branch – sawmill – carpentry (carpentry) by car – sawmill (leather making) in a new way
7- Electric power plant
8- Technical school for trained weapons makers and workers for Atieh Qorkhaneh
9- Shooting training place and test according to European standards for shooting test of rifle, machine gun and cannon

D. The fourth part of the Telegraph and Wireless Command Office – At this time, eight wireless telegraph devices were purchased. Two units were installed in the center and six others in the center of the divisions in Mashhad, Bushehr, Kermanshah, Tabriz, Kerman, Shiraz.

Nezam Schools – Organizing Nezam Schools 1- Elementary School 2- Secondary School 3- Officials 4- Vetari Lawyers School 5- Representative School 6- Beitar Officers School – Army Museum was also handed over to the school.

Formation of divisions in the center and cities

Division 1 was organized under the command of Sardar Sepah in Tehran and its headquarters was given to Lt. Col. Ismail Shafaei. The organization of Lashkar 1 was as follows: 1- Guard shooting brigade 2- Iraqi shooting brigade (Arak) 3- Riding guard brigade 4- Artillery brigade 5- Independent section of Gilan and Tonekabon and Mazandaran section
– 2nd Division Northwest – was organized under the command of Major General Ismail Fazli in Tabriz and its headquarters was given to Mohammad Hossein Mirza Firooz. Division 2 Organization includes: 1- Cossack Mixed Brigade 2- Ardabil Mixed Brigade 3- Tabriz Gendarmerie 14th Regiment 4- Zanjan 13th Gendarmerie Independent Battalion
– 3rd Khorasan Division – was organized under the command of Major General Hossein Khazaei in Mashhad and its headquarters was entrusted to Lt. Col. Mohammad Hossein Mirza Jahanbani. Three Khorasan Division Organization includes: 1- Mixed part (Atriad) of Khorasan Cossack 2- Astarabad 10th Gendarmerie Regiment 3- Sedeh Soldier Regiment and Ghaen Soldier Regiment and Sistan Artillery Division
– 4th Division – was organized under the command of Major General Mahmoud Ayram in Isfahan (Isfahan) and its headquarters was headed by Colonel Heidar Gholi Pesyan. The organization of the 4th Division includes: 1- Isfahan Cossack Mixed Unit (Atropad) 2- Isfahan Gendarmerie No. 6 Regiment 3- Kashan Independent Battalion.
Division 5 – was organized under the command of Major General Ahmad Amira Ahmadi in Hamedan and its headquarters was given to Colonel Abdul Razzaq Afkhami. Lashkar 5 Organization includes: 1- Hamadan Atriad and Boroujerd Cossack Atriad 2- Kurdistan Gendarmerie Eleventh Regiment 3- Kermanshah 12th Regiment 4- Iraq (Arak) Seventh Gendarmerie 5- Boroujerd Gendarmerie No. 8

بن مهای‌ها
Decree of His Majesty Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, Emperor of Iran on the occasion of the founding day of the Imperial Army, January 9, 1972
South Persia Rifles
In books and sources, the 16th of January is mentioned. This difference was the result of the transformation of lunar history at that time into solar history. The foundation day of the Imperial Army is January 18th.
The pillars of the whole army are the same as the army headquarters.
Zol-e-Sultan Park and then the location of the Ministry of Education

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